Are AI-controlled access systems the future of security?

The market of access control systems offers various access options, including number plate recognition, RFID tokens, access codes and keys. In addition, there is an option for vehicle recognition through artificial intelligence. This function was developed in particular for use in public administration, but can also be used to secure factory or property premises.

The goal of vehicle recognition is to identify different types of vehicles such as fire engines, buses or trucks and to assign individual access authorisations for each type. For this purpose, a "Convolutional Neural Network (CNN)" is used, which is modelled on the human brain.

The neural network consists of millions of weighted links that can extract information from an image across several logical layers and finally calculate the probability with which a certain class of vehicle has been recognised.

An AI (artificial intelligence) refers to technologies and systems that aim to perform tasks that would normally require human intelligence. Such systems can perform tasks such as speech recognition, image recognition, decision making and even learning through experience.

The concept of AI dates back to the 1950s, when researchers believed that it should be possible to programme computers to perform certain tasks that require human intelligence. A milestone was the 1956 Dartmouth College Conference, where the term, Artificial Intelligence was coined. In the following decades, research in the field of AI continued to evolve, with both advances and setbacks.

In recent years, AI research has accelerated and advances have been made in areas such as machine learning, deep learning and neural networks. However, it is important to note that AI still cannot replicate human intelligence and there are many challenges that need to be overcome in order to develop the technology further.

Introduction to artificial intelligence in perimeter protection

What does artificial intelligence offer in perimeter protection?

Artificial intelligence in perimeter protection refers to the use of machine learning algorithms that are able to recognise complex patterns in the data streams captured by security systems. Among other things, this enables faster and more effective detection of potential threats.

How are these AIs trained?

Especially the AI of Code Hive GmbH BarrierSystems was trained together with the emergency services of the police, ambulance, fire brigade, etc.. Hundreds of thousands of images from various angles and lighting conditions were presented to the artificial intelligence and classified.

The processing is autonomous, so no images are transferred to the cloud and all processing is done locally.

Similar to the way it works with toddlers when looking at picture books, the artificial intelligence learns which features and image patterns it can use to distinguish between vehicles.

What exactly does AI do in practice?

For this purpose, an artificial intelligence was built into the control column that scans every vehicle approaching the barrier and classifies the type of vehicle.

This basically works in the same way as we can distinguish police cars from private cars, for example.

Perimeter protection technologies

"It is predictable that solutions with artificial intelligence (AI) will also become more and more important in perimeter protection. For example, AI in video surveillance enables the early detection of fires. There are currently technical developments so that access systems automatically recognise certain types of vehicles, such as rescue and police vehicles, and grant entry without delay. In access control, biometric recognition systems are also gaining ground, which must then interact well with physical security devices. Comprehensive perimeter protection is therefore indispensable in the long run.”

Dipl. Ing. (FH) Michael Simon, CEO of Zabag Security Engineering GmbH

Which technologies and products are used?

Traditional perimeter protection technologies include video surveillance systems, radars, laser scanners, access control systems, acoustic sensors and possibly drones. Artificial intelligence can interact with all these technologies to improve the effectiveness and operability of security systems.

  • Data always in view

The Smart Monitoring Kit from BarrierSystems is used to connect all electrically controllable systems, which can be easily installed in new projects, but also easily retrofitted for existing systems. The SmartKit is supplemented by the ControlHub from BarrierSystems.

This offers a web-based control option for remote maintenance of the barrier systems and for visualisation of the situation on site. The system can be used to record various information and evaluate statistics on traffic flow, such as the number of entrances or the number of vehicles in an area. The information is displayed as a cumulative representation and sorted according to the respective means of access such as token, automatic vehicle recognition or number plate recognition.

The dashboard also shows the current status of the barrier systems in an overview map and enables manual control of the systems in the event of a malfunction via remote access. The customised parameterisation enables the time control of the barrier systems as well as the issuing of permanent or temporary entry permits for individual vehicles.

Individual access and authorisation management makes the solution ideal for use in municipal facilities and access management on factory premises. The Control Hub's main menu clearly displays the essential functions and enables easy operation. BarrierSystems thus offers a complete solution for automatic vehicle detection and access authorisation with a web-based control option for efficient remote maintenance and control of the barrier systems.


The all-in-one solution for cities

An intelligent access management solution that serves to both calm traffic in city centres and secure facilities and public spaces that need protection. The technology uses artificial intelligence to automatically allow authorised vehicles access while providing advanced access management via the cloud-based Control Hub.

  • Free passage for emergency vehicles:

BarrierSystems enables situation-dependent control of barrier systems and complex regulation of access at individual authorisation and vehicle class level. Vehicles that are not authorised are not allowed to enter protected areas, while authorised vehicles that are recognised by the system are automatically granted access.


The complete solution for companies

A smart approach to managing access designed to protect car parks, factory premises and other critical facilities. The technology is controlled via the cloud-based Control Hub and allows customers, partners and employees to manage access. Thanks to the flexible configuration options, the system can also be extended to automatically grant access to authorised vehicles such as branded company cars by using artificial intelligence.

•  Free ride for customers, partners and staff:

BarrierSystems are used to control access systems according to the situation and to regulate complex accesses at individual authorisation and vehicle class level.

Multisensor control column from ZABAG
  • Multisensory technology and artificial intelligence

BarrierSystems offers an innovative solution for vehicle recognition and access authorisation using artificial intelligence. The system uses multi-sensors in the barrier to automatically recognise vehicles and control barrier systems. It offers various access options such as number plate recognition, RFID tokens, access codes or keys.

Particularly interesting is the vehicle recognition through artificial intelligence. The AI analyses images from the sensors and recognises authorised vehicle types such as police, ambulances or trucks. The captured data is only evaluated on the column's local computer and immediately deleted again. All captured data is optimally protected according to the applicable regulations, making tracking impossible.


Can the technology be retrofitted?

Smart Monitoring - a retrofit kit for modernising access systems

  • Modernisation of existing systems through connection to the Control Hub

The flexible and modular concept of BarrierSystems not only allows the installation of complete systems, but also the integration of existing systems. If you already have an electronically controllable system, you can use the Smart Monitoring Kit from BarrierSystems to subsequently digitise all your access systems such as barriers, bollards and gates and connect them to the cloud-based Control Hub.

In this way, you can cost-effectively enter into intelligent access management and modernise your existing infrastructure.

The Smart Monitoring Kit from BarrierSystems offers a simple and effective way to equip your existing facilities with state-of-the-art technology and integrate them into the cloud-based Control Hub. This allows you to take advantage of automatic vehicle detection and access authorisation and take your access control to the next level.

  • Free travel for emergency vehicles, suppliers, customers, partners and employees:

Use of artificial intelligence in perimeter protection

How is artificial intelligence used in perimeter protection?

  • Authorisations and access management

Access management enables effective management of passage authorisations for different vehicle types and groups. The system uses different technologies such as number plate recognition, object recognition, RFID tokens or keyboard input to identify and let through authorised vehicles.

You can grant permanent or temporary authorisations for different vehicle types or groups and the system offers you various options for this. You can set permissions based on time or calendar, for example, to allow access of supplier vehicles only at certain times or days. This enables flexible and effective management of access authorisations that can be adapted to your individual requirements and needs.

Application examples - AI in perimeter protection

Pretty Best Friends - Artificial Intelligence & Physical Security Systems

Wilo SE, one of the world's leading pump manufacturers, has completely rebuilt its company premises in Dortmund, the so-called Wilopark, and expanded it over an area equivalent to 26 football pitches. It was particularly important to the company that the new gate systems not only ensure efficient access control, but also stand for transparency and openness. The company entrusted ZABAG Security Engineering GmbH with the implementation and, after more than a year of continuous operation, has drawn a positive interim balance: The new gate systems work efficiently and reliably, their elegant design is inviting.

MAPO FGZ high-speed folding doors are used, which are characterised by maximum availability. The system is controlled by artificial intelligence and thus recognises the vehicles of the fire brigade, police & co. by their appearance. This means that these services have access even if they come from outside and their licence plates are therefore not included in the system.

The system only grants authorised vehicles access to the Wilo campus. For this purpose, the registration numbers of vehicles with permanent access rights, such as public transport buses, company cars and emergency vehicles from the region, are stored in the system. The vehicles of visitors and suppliers are registered in the system with their registration number, date and time.

You can find a detailed reference report here:

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