resistance classes and bullet resistance ratings

turnstile made by Zabag with resistance class RC2

Sensitive areas often require special protective measures.

This can include resistance to forcible entry or even to gunfire.
On request, ZABAG manufactures and delivers its systems with appropriate measures for effectively resisting intrusion attempts and gunfire.

For example, resistance class versions of ZABAG's ZENTRA E-120-RS turnstiles are being delivered to Lidl logistics centres. In this case, various measures are being implemented in the turnstiles in order to meet the requirements of resistance class RC 2.

Resistance Classes

According to DIN EN 1627, resistance classes are identified by the abbreviation "RC".
The application-specific selection of the individual classes must be based on the individual hazard situation.

Resistance classes Perpetrator type & Behavior
Tool sets Total testing time
RC2 (RC: resistance class) The perpetrator attempts to break open the access system using physical force and simple tools such as screwdrivers, pliers and wedges. 15 Min.
RC3 The perpetrator additionally attempts to break open the access system using a hand drill, locksmith's hammer and crowbar. 20 Min.
RC4 In addition, the perpetrator has at his disposal sawing tools, impact axe, crowbar, hammer, chisel, as well as a cordless drill. 30 Min.

The perpetrator additionally uses power tools such as a drill, jigsaw or reciprocating saw and angle grinder.


40 Min.
RC6 More powerful power tools are used than in RC5. 50 Min.
Test procedure:

The manual burglary test takes place with a specified tool set. For the RC2 test, tool sets A1 and A2 are used; for higher RC classes, tool set A3 is also used. During the specified resistance time, the employee of the testing station must not succeed in opening the access system.

Provided that all requirements are fulfilled, certification according to DIN EN 1627 takes place.

Tool sets A1, A2 and A3 contain, among others:
Tool kit A1 Tool kit A2 Tool kit A3
  • pipe wrench
  • various screwdriver
  • locksmith pliers
  • rubber mallet
  • pipe wrench
  • various saws
  • extension tube
  • wooden wedges
  • locksmith hammer
  • hand drill
  • crowbar
  • Set of pin punch

Bullet resistance & Proof classes

As the past has shown, particularly endangered objects are targeted by perpetrators of external attacks through shelling. European testing and classification standards are also available for this purpose according to the most diverse firearms. These are defined by the type of weapon as well as caliber, ammunition and the firing conditions.

On request, our access systems can be adapted to the requirements of the testing and classification standards with appropriate measures. For example, gates can receive a corresponding filling.

Extract from the DIN EN 1522 & 1523
Class Weapon   Bullet
mass (g)
Distance (m) Bullet-
velocity (m/s)
energy (J)
FB1 Büchse 22 LR 2,6 +/- 0,1 10 5 +/- 0,5 168
FB2 9mm Luger 8,0 +/- 0,1 5 400 +/- 10 689
FB3 .357 Magnum 10,2 +/- 0,1 5 430 +/- 10 943
FB4 .357 Magnum &
.44 Rem. Magnum
10,2 +/- 0,1
15,6 +/- 0,1
5 430 +/- 10
440 +/- 10
FB5 Büchse 5,56 x 45 4,0 +/- 0,1 10 950 +/- 10 1.805
FB6 Büchse 5,56 x45
Büchse 7,62 x 51
4,0 +/- 0,1
9,5 +/- 0,1
10 950 +/- 10
830 +/- 10
FB7 Büchse 7,62 x 51
9,8 +/- 0,1 10 820 +/- 10 3.261
FSG Flinte Kal. 12/70 31,0 +/- 0,5 10 420 +/- 20 2.734

Checked and classified

ZABAG turnstiles have been tested and classified by the test center for components in Rosenheim in accordance with DIN EN 1627: 2011-9 ff.
Special gates can be constructed and manufactured on the basis of an expert opinion from the PfB.